Bincike akan ƙididdigar farashin samarwa da sarrafa simintin saka hannun jari

Zuba jari samar yafi hada da hudu matakai: module shiri, harsashi shirye-shirye, gami narkewada jiyya bayan jiyya. Saboda hanyar aiwatarwa ba kawai matakai daban-daban ba ne, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun samfur, tsarin samarwa mai tsayi, da tsarin simintin ƙwararru. Sabili da haka, amfani da kayan samarwa daga shigarwa zuwa fitarwa ba ta da hankali kuma a bayyane, kuma nau'in amfani yana da wuyar gaske kuma adadin ba shi da sauƙi A lokaci guda, saboda nau'in simintin gyare-gyare da yawan amfanin ƙasa, da kuma karuwa. zuba jari a cikin kawar da ƙura da kariyar muhalli, ya haifar da zuba jarurruka na zuba jarurruka na nazarin farashin kasuwancin da sarrafa farashi Tsarin ya fi wahala.

1. Basic abun da ke ciki na samar da kudin na zuba jari simintin gyaran kafa Enterprises

Farashin samar da simintin saka hannun jari yana nufin farashin kai tsaye da ke da alaƙa da samarwa da aiki na masana'antu Kudin samarwa na simintin saka hannun jari ya kasu kashi-kashi na kayan, farashin aiki kai tsaye da farashin masana'antu. An haɗa farashin muhalli daban a cikin farashin samarwa na simintin saka hannun jari.

1.1 Farashin kayan

Farashin kayan kai tsaye da kamfanoni ke amfani da su a cikin aiwatar da samfuran samfuran ana kiran su gabaɗaya azaman farashin kayan, wanda za'a iya raba shi zuwa nau'ikan albarkatun ƙasa da manyan kayan da ke zama babban mahaɗan samfuran bisa ga ayyuka daban-daban. Man fetur da wutar lantarki da tsarin ke cinyewa; Haɗe tare da babban mahaɗin samfurin, ko ba da gudummawa ga samuwar samfur da amfani da kayan taimako.

1.2 Kai tsaye Aiki

Yana nufin albashi da jin daɗin ma'aikatan samarwa waɗanda ke shiga kai tsaye a cikin samfuran kera.

1.3 Kudaden Kera

Yana nufin kuɗaɗen gudanarwa iri-iri da kowane ɓangaren samarwa na masana'antar simintin saka hannun jari ke bayarwa don tsari da gudanar da samarwa, da kuma farashin kulawa da rage ƙimar injina da kayan aiki.

1.4 Ingancin Farashin

Ingancin farashi yana nufin jimlar farashin kamfani don tabbatar da ƙayyadaddun matakin samfurin da jimillar sarrafa ingancin, da kuma asarar da aka yi sakamakon gazawar da aka ƙulla.

1.5 Kudin Muhalli

Kudin muhalli yana nufin farashin da aka ɗauka ko ake buƙata don ɗaukar matakan tasirin simintin samarwa akan muhalli daidai da ka'idar kasancewa da alhakin muhalli, da aiwatar da manufofin muhalli ta kamfanoni Wasu farashin da aka biya ta ka'idodi da buƙatu. galibi sun haɗa da abubuwa masu zuwa :( 1) farashin rage gurɓataccen hayaƙi (2) farashin dawo da sharar gida, sake amfani da shi da zubarwa (3) farashin sayayyar kore (4) farashin kula da muhalli (5) farashin ayyukan zamantakewa na kare muhalli (6) tsadar asarar muhalli

2. Zuba jari simintin samar da kayan kudin lissafin kudi

Kudin kayan aiki shine babban bangaren kudin simintin saka hannun jari. A cikin ainihin samar da simintin gyare-gyare, yawancin kayan aiki ana cinye su ta hanyar simintin gyare-gyare iri-iri. Yadda za a sa kayan tsada mai dacewa

Tari da rarraba samfurori daban-daban yana da daraja tunani. Dangane da tsarin aiwatar da samar da simintin saka hannun jari, ana iya tattara farashin kayan kuma a rarraba su a cikin amfani da ƙira da kayan ƙira, cajin amfani 3 manyan fannoni.

2.1 Amfanin Mold

A cikin simintin saka hannun jari, ana iya sake yin amfani da abin da ya mutu. Yin amfani da gyaggyarawa a cikin samarwa ya ƙunshi asarar farfadowa da ragowar ƙona kakin zuma. Lokacin da tsarin sarrafa gyaggyarawa ya kasance ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun tsari, ana iya auna shi Ƙididdige adadin yawan amfani da lissafin kuɗi.

2.2 Nau'in harsashi kayan amfani

Kayayyakin harsashi sun haɗa da foda, yashi, ɗaure da sauransu. Kayan albarkatun da ake cinyewa don yin harsashi suna da alaƙa da farfajiyar harsashi. Lokacin da harsashi abu, shafi Layer lambar da tsari ne wasu, za ka iya amfani da mold Group surface area ko irin harsashi nauyi kasafta abu farashin.

2.3 Yin caji

Kayan ƙarfe na simintin saka hannun jari yana narkewa daidai da tanderun. Lokacin ƙididdige shigarwar cajin, ana ɗaukar tanderun azaman naúrar, kuma ana yin rikodin abubuwan ƙarfe da simintin gyare-gyare na kowace tanderu bisa ga “lambar tanderu” Nau'i da yawa.

2.4 Kididdigar farashi na kayan simintin

Ta hanyar lissafin da ke sama, mun ƙididdige farashin ƙima don wani nau'in simintin simintin simintin gyare-gyare guda ɗaya, farashin kayan harsashi masu amfani don samar da samfur guda ɗaya da farashin kayan ƙarfe don samfurin naúrar.

3. Hanyoyi don sarrafa farashin samarwa na kamfanonin simintin zuba jari

A cikin dukan zuba jarin simintin samar da farashin kayan abu shine mafi girman rabo da tasiri, don haka kula da farashin kayan shine mayar da hankali ga duk sarrafa farashi. Gabaɗaya, aikin kai tsaye da farashin masana'antu ba su da ɗan tasiri kan farashin samarwa, amma a cikin yanayi na musamman, farashi mai inganci da ƙimar muhalli, kamar ƙimar aiwatar da ƙima da ƙima, suma suna da babban tasiri akan Tasirin farashin samarwa. Don abubuwan da ke shafar farashin samarwa na kamfanoni, ya zama dole a tsara matakan sarrafawa da aka yi niyya.

3.1 Rage amfani da kayan aiki

A cikin ainihin samarwa, za a shirya kayan da ke cikin kewayon tsari kuma a rarraba su bisa ga tsarin samarwa, kuma kayan da ba a yi amfani da su kai tsaye ba a cikin samar da samfuran ba cikin kewayon amfani ba za a bincika mataki-mataki Rarraba Batch, ta adana kayan filin zuwa inganta ƙimar amfani da kayan, ta hanyar inganta tsarin don aiwatar da tsarin kimiyya da ma'ana na kayan, don rage rabon sabbin kayan ƙirƙira Farashin.

3.2 Haɓaka yawan amfanin ƙasa da rage ƙima da ƙima

Tsarin tsari da sarrafa rukunin yanar gizo sune manyan abubuwa biyu da ke shafar yawan aikin. Ya kamata a yi gyare-gyaren tsari ta hanyar tabbatar da tsari kafin zuba jarurruka masu yawa da horar da masu zanen kaya masu inganci Innovation, don inganta aikin samfurin da yawan amfanin ƙasa, rage farashin samfurin. Ta hanyar haɓaka daidaiton zub da simintin gyare-gyare da haɓaka aikin filin, ana iya inganta ƙimar amfani da ruwan gami. Inganta sarrafa rukunin yanar gizo.

3.3 Ajiye makamashi da rage yawan kuzari

Amfanin makamashi na masana'antar tushe yana da kashi 23% ~ 62% na yawan kuzarin masana'antar injuna. Yawan amfani da makamashi shine coke, kwal da wutar lantarki, sannan kuma matsa lamba iska, oxygen da ruwa. Kafa masana'antu a kasar Sin Ingantacciyar makamashi shine kawai 15% ~ 25%. Misali, kayan aikin narkawa da yawan kuzarin da ake amfani da shi suna da kusan kashi 50% na yawan kuzarin da ake samarwa na simintin gyare-gyare. Inganta kayan aikin narkewa na baya zai iya rage yawan kuzarin samar da simintin simintin Maɓalli.

3.4 Ƙarfafa kariyar muhalli da haɓaka magani da sake amfani da sharar gida

Sake yin amfani da sharar gida ba kawai yana rage asarar abubuwan da suka dace ba, har ma yana rage farashin kai tsaye. A lokaci guda kuma, daga yanayin farashin muhalli, matsalar maganin sharar gida tana cikin tanadin farashin simintin kamar magani na ƙarshe da sake yin amfani da yashin sharar da aka tsabtace bayan zubar da harsashi, adana kuɗi, rage sharar makamashi da rage gurɓataccen muhalli.

3.5 Inganta yawan aiki

Haɓaka aikin aiki na iya rage ƙayyadaddun farashin kowane ɗayan samfurin. Inganta yawan aiki na aiki, wajibi ne a ci gaba da inganta matakin samar da injiniyoyi, yin amfani da sababbin fasaha, sabon tsari, don cimma ƙwarewa.

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Lokacin aikawa: Agusta-26-2021